Number Series: Basic Concepts and Tricks

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Number Series: Basic Concepts and Tricks

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Here we are with the Basic concepts and tricks of Number series which will asked in various competitive examination.

Number series can be defined as an arrangement of numbers in a certain order, where some numbers are wrongly put into the series of numbers and some number is missing in that series, we need to observe and find the accurate number to the series of numbers.

In various competitive exams number series are given and where you need to find missing numbers. The number series are come in different types. At first you have to decided what type of series are given in papers then accordingly  you have to use short cut tricks as fast as you can .

Different types of Number Series:

Perfect Square Series

This Types of Series are based on square of a number which is in same order and one square number is missing in that given series.

Example : 961,1024,1089,?,1225

Answer: 31² = 961, 32² = 1024, 33² = 1089, 34² = 1156, 35² = 1225

 

Perfect Cube Series

This Types of Series are based on cube of a number which is in same order and one cube number is missing in that given series

Example : 1331, 1728, 2197, ?

Answer : 113 ,  123 ,  133 ,  143

 

Geometric Series

This type of series are based on ascending or descending order of numbers and each successive number is obtain by multiplying or dividing the previous number with a fixed number.

Example : 5, 45, 405, 3645,?

Answer: 5 x 9 = 45, 45 x 9 = 405, 405 x 9 = 3645, 3645 x 9 = 32805

 

Two stage Type Series

A two tier Arithmetic series is one in which the differences of successive numbers themselves form an arithmetic series.

Example : 4,5,9,16,26,39

Answer: 5-4=1, 9-5=4, 16-9=7, 26-16=10, 39-26=13

                4-1=3, 7-4=3, 10-7=3, 13-10=3

Mixed Series

This type of series are more than one different order are given in a series which arranged in alternatively in a single series or created according to any non-conventional rule. This mixed series Examples are describes in separately.

Example : 11, 24, 50, 102, 206, ?

Answer:

11 x 2 = 22 +2 = 24,

24 x 2 = 48 + 2 = 50,

50 x 2 = 100 + 2 = 102,

102 x 2 = 204 + 2 = 206,

206 x 2 = 412 + 2 = 414.

So the missing number is 414.

Ration Series

Example : 336, 168, 84, 42, 21, ?

 Answer: All terms while in increasing order multiplied by 2 = So, Ans = 10.5

Difference Series

Example : 1348, 1338, 1318, 1288, 1248, ?

Answer: 1348-1338=10, 1338-1318=20, 1318-1288=30, 1288-1248=40, 1248-50=1198

 

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